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Why were the black US citizens able to secure civil rights in the years 1941 to 1960? Free essay! Download now

Home > GCSE > History > Why were the black US citizens able to secure civil rights in the years 1941 to 1960?

Why were the black US citizens able to secure civil rights in the years 1941 to 1960?

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 600 | Submitted: 22-Nov-2009
Spelling accuracy: N/A | Number of pages: | Filetype: Word .doc

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Through peaceful protests and bringing up their case through the court system to the Supreme Court and getting a judgement which over ruled the federal courts, the Black US citizens were able to secure improved civil rights in the years 1941 1960.

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In 1942, CORE was set up to protest peacefully in hope of improving civil rights for Black Americans. Around the same time, the Black press set up the ‘Double V Campaign’ which hoped to gain victory at home as well as on the battle fields.
By the end of WWII, the membership of the NAACP has risen rapidly. The war was against a racist state (Nazi Germany) which gave the Black Americans a perfect timing to try to improve their civil rights.
The improvements were challenged in the 1950s with two major incidents – Brown vs. Topeka in 1954 and Little Rock High School in 1957. In the Brown vs. Topeka case, lawyers led by Marshall from the NAACP brought the case through the court system, finally presenting the evidence to the Supreme Court. This was the first case to challenge segregation and it showed the first step of the NAACP’s hope to improve civil rights. Little Rock High School saw the President getting himself involved for the first time, as the media, showing the world what little basic human rights the Black Americans had, had shocked the world and America herself.
Again the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1957) and the sit in at Greensboro (North Carolina) in 1960 showed the “economic power” of the Black Americans when they unite together. This peaceful protest had no immediate effect on the economic factor but in the long term, it showed that the Bus Company and the shops couldn’t survive without its Black customers and their White customers who supported the movement. The Montgomery Bus Boycott again demonstrated how the NAACP would bring the case through the court system to gain their ‘justice’.
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