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death of franz ferdinand
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| Words: 446 | Submitted: 09-Jan-2012
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Descriptionthis article is an essay on the death of franz ferdiand and the chain reactions.
Franz Ferdinand was born on the 18th of December 1863 and dies on the 28th of June 1914. He was an Archduke of Austria, Austro-Hungarian and was the Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death. He was heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused the Central Powers, including Germany and Austria-Hungary and the Allies of World War I to declare war on each other, starting World War I.
Initially, the assassination of Franz Ferdinand looked as if it was going to be a botched job. It was a beautiful morning and crowds of onlookers waved flags and flowers as the motorcade passed through the streets. Unusually, Franz was sharing the political engagement with his wife, Sophie, to celebrate their impending 14th wedding anniversary (on 1 July). They shared an open-topped limousine with Bosnia's military governor, General Potoirek.
The seven assassins were inexperienced with weapons and had been supplied with pistols and dynamite (or bombs) allegedly by Black Hand, another nationalist Serb group. At 10.15am, the six cars passed the first gunman, Mehmed Mehmedbai. He didn't get a clear line of sight to take the shot so gave up for fear of ruining the operation and alerting the authorities.
A little further on, another assassin, Nedjelko Cabrinovic, threw a bomb or stick of dynamite at the cars. He missed Ferdinand, whose driver sped ahead in panic, but hit the following vehicle, which was destroyed, severely wounding the passengers, a policeman and several members of the public. Swallowing a cyanide pill (each assassin had been equipped with one), Cabrinovic jumped into the nearby River Miljacka. Unfortunately for him, his suicide wasn't to be; the pill didn't work, the river was only four inches deep and he was dragged out by the angry crowds.
Ferdinand and the rest of the procession reached the town hall and while he planned to continue with the afternoon's engagements (lunch at the governor's residence and a museum visit), Ferdinand was anxious to check on those injured by Cabrinovic's bomb, who were now in hospital. The change of route took his car along Appel Quay but as the driver turned down Franz Joseph Street, General Potoirek shouted that he was supposed to continue along the Quay.
It was as Ferdinand's driver reversed that he happened to pass assassin Gavrilo Princip who was in a nearby café. Spotting his opportunity, Princip rushed up to the car and fired two shots. Statements vary on exactly where Ferdinand and his wife were hit; however, most believe that Sophie was shot in the abdomen, while the second bullet caught Franz Ferdinand in the neck.
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